**Hey there, SAT Math Wizards! ðŸ“ŠðŸŒŸ**

Today, we're going to dig deep into one of the most essential math concepts that frequently appears on the SAT: **percentages**. Don't worry; I'll explain this in a way that makes it crystal clear. We'll also tackle three multiple-choice exercises with detailed explanations. By the end of this, you'll be a percentage pro!

**Percentage Basics: Exercise 1**

Let's start with the basics. What is **25% of 80?**

A. 20

B. 40

C. 60

D. 100

**Explanation**: When we want to find a percentage of a number, we simply multiply the number by that percentage as a decimal. So, to find 25% of 80, we multiply 80 by 0.25 (25% as a decimal), which equals 20. So, the correct answer is **A**, 20.

**Percentage Discounts: Exercise 2**

Imagine you want to buy a shirt that originally costs **$40**, but it's on sale for **20% off**. What is the sale price?

A. $8

B. $16

C. $32

D. $48

**Explanation**: To calculate the sale price after a percentage discount, you subtract the discount amount from the original price. In this case, the discount is 20% of $40, which is $8. So, the sale price is $40 - $8, which equals **C**, $32.

**Percentage Increase: Exercise 3**

Now, let's say your savings have grown from **$200 to $240**. What is the **percentage increase**?

A. 10%

B. 15%

C. 20%

D. 25%

**Explanation:** To find the percentage increase, you need to calculate the difference between the new amount and the original amount. In this case, it's $240 - $200, which equals $40. Then, divide this increase ($40) by the original amount ($200) and multiply by 100 to express it as a percentage. This calculation gives you **C**, 20%.

Understanding percentages is a fundamental math skill that comes in handy on the SAT and in real life. You'll encounter percentage questions in various forms, from discounts and increases to more complex problem-solving scenarios.

So, keep practicing your percentage calculations, and you'll be well-prepared for any math problem involving percentages on the SAT. You've got this!

Happy math-solving, SAT superstars! ðŸ“šðŸ§®ðŸŒŸ

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